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COVER CROPS

Annual Clovers

Description

Clovers are an excellent source of nitrogen and can double as a quality forage. They are good as a soil builder, as a weed suppressor and for erosion control. Clovers can be frost seeded and work well mixed with other cover crops such as small grains, grasses, radishes, and other legumes.

Clovers can be spring planted by frost seeding or planting with small grains. Use the grass seeding box on the drill.

Clovers can be overseeded into standing corn at last cultivation. Allow 6 to 7 weeks after the application of pre-emergent herbicides like Atrazine. Check the herbicide labels.

Clovers can be broadcast or aerial seeded into beans at leaf yellowing prior to leaf drop.

Red clover will grow well in cooler, moist conditions and will slow down over the summer months. Yellow blossom sweet clover does well in the summer and has the greatest warm weather biomass production of any legume, exceeding even alfalfa.

Berseem (also known as Egyptian clover) is very fast to establish and produces a huge amount of dry matter. It works well doubling as a cover crop and as a forage, producing 18-28% protein.

Annual Clovers

OC
FiXatioN Balansa
Clover

  • Annual clover with white blossoms & hollow stems
  • Great for cover crop or forage use
  • Low seeding rate (5-8 lbs/A or 3-5 lbs/A in a mix) makes this an economical choice on a cost per acre basis
  • Cold tolerant down to -14°F

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


OC & OR
Mammoth Red
Clover

  • Can be fall-seeded or spring frost-seeded, 10-12 lbs/A
  • When mixed with grains, it can be left for cover or forage after grain harvest
  • Works great as a plow down for green manure
  • Adapted to a wide range of soil types and conditions
  • Up to 150 lbs N and 8000 lbs/A dry matter

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


OC
Frosty Berseem
Clover

  • Fast-growing summer annual, great smother crop
  • Heavy nitrogen producer, 150-200 lbs N
  • Broadcast and roll or drill 1⁄4" deep, 8-12 lbs/A
  • Works well as a small grain companion
  • Kills when temperatures are below 20° F

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


CT, UT & OR
Medium Red Clover

  • Good for short-term rotations
  • Good persistence
  • Good quality

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


OC & OR
Yellow Blossom
Sweet Clover

  • Summer biannual with very deep root system
  • Great subterranean nutrient scavenger
  • 5000 lbs/A dry matter first year, roots to 5 feet deep
  • Winter hardy and very drought tolerant
  • Seed 8-15 lbs/A

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6