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COVER CROPS

Cereal Rye

Description

The hardiest of fall planted cover crops, cereal rye is the "last chance" crop for late fall plantings. If planted late, it may not provide much winter cover, but if it has germinated, it will show rapid spring growth, suppressing weeds and providing forage or grain for harvest. If planted early enough, it makes a great winter grazing.

Rye is inexpensive and easy to establish. It has a fast growing fibrous root system that can take up and hold residual nutrients. It's an excellent source of residual ground cover for no-till systems. Note: It can tie up nitrogen as it decomposes so N is not immediately available, so compensate.

UT & OR
Cereal Rye

  • Can be seeded in the fall later than other small grains
  • Used as a forage or cover crop, its versatility is hard to beat
  • A fast growing fibrous root system that can take up and hold residual nutrients
  • Excellent source of residual ground cover for no-till systems
  • Can tie up nitrogen as it decomposes so N is not immediately available, so compensate

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


UT
Aroostook Cereal Rye

  • Great cover crop plant for northern MI, WI, MN, SD & ND
  • Protects fields from erosion and sequesters residual nitrogen from crop production
  • Winter hardiness, early spring recovery and vigor exceed that of other varieties
  • Early heading (10 days earlier) for quicker transition to next crop

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


Serial Rye Chart

Management

Can establish in very cool weather in a variety of soil types. It can be killed by incorporating, spraying, or, after boot stage, by mowing or rolling with a stalk chopper. Rye can deplete soil moisture in a dry spring. In a wet spring, it can overwhelm the next crop with residual. Rye has an allelopathy effect which works on suppressing weeds, but may also stunt a following corn crop.

Establishment

Drill 1" to 11⁄2" deep at 60-200 lbs/A or broadcast or aerial seed into standing corn at the higher rate from early September to November. Use 50-60 lbs/A in mixes.

Serial Rye