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COVER CROPS

Oats

Description

Oats are an inexpensive cover crop and provide a quick ground cover when fall seeded, providing weed suppression and erosion control. They typically winter kill and provide a beautiful killed mulch for spring seeded crops. Oats are good nutrient scavengers and work well with radishes and turnips to provide fall forage.

UT & OR
Jerry Oats

  • Vigorous growth when fall planted
  • Winter kills
  • Good fibrous root system
  • Inexpensive alternative

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


UT
Proleaf 234 Oats

  • Very aggressive
  • Great forage yields, wide leaves
  • Medium to late maturing
  • Excellent nurse when sown at 32 to 50 lbs or 1 to 1 ½ bushels per acre

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Management

It's best to plant oats after wheat or a spring cover crop. Allow 6 to 8 weeks before killing frost if the oats are intended as a forage. Disking lightly in the spring will break up the brittle residue, exposing enough soil for warmer soils. No-tilling into oats in the spring works fine. If planted in the spring, oats can be killed by spraying. Mowing and rolling work well at soft dough stage. Like rye, oats have an allelopathic effect and can cause slow growth in the following crop.

Establishment

Seed 100 lbs/A with a drill or fly into standing corn.

Oats Chart
Oats