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COVER CROPS

Oats

Description

Triticale is a cross between winter wheat and cereal rye. Its winter hardiness allows it to grow later in the fall than other cover crops. Its fibrous roots continue to grow through the winter down to 60 inches or more, building soil organic matter. Triticale's rapid growth suppresses winter weeds better than rye. It produces a lot of biomass that is good as a mulch mat, forage or straw. Triticale has an allelopathic effect on weeds and following corn crops.

Management

Triticale can be winter grazed, plowed under in spring as a green manure, cut and made into baleage, rolled after boot stage to provide a mulch, or allowed to go to grain and combined.

UT & OR
Byron's Spring Triticale

  • Very aggressive
  • Great forage yields, wide leaves
  • Medium to late maturing
  • Excellent nurse when sown at 35 to 50 lbs./A or 1 to 11⁄2 bu./A

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


UT & OR
Byron's Fall Triticale

  • Use as a cover crop or forage, very versatile
  • Triticale roots grow deeper that other small grains
  • A fast growing fibrous root
  • Excellent residual ground cover for no-till systems

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Establishment

Drill or no-till 80-150 lbs/A at a depth of ½ to 1 inch deep. Can be mixed with hairy vetch, crimson clover and annual ryegrass. Use about 40 lbs/A of nitrogen in the fall to help establish and 70 lbs again in the spring if it's going to be used as a forage.

UT
TriCal® 815 Fall Triticale

  • Ideally suited for flag leaf to early boot forage production for lactating cows
  • Can assimilate large amounts of N. Excellent crop for manure spreading.
  • Early maturity allows double cropping after corn silage where GDUs will allow
  • Awned
  • Dense canopy

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


Triticale Chart
Triticale