Hay Solutions are mixtures of cool season grasses and sometimes alfalfa too for the production of hay or haylage. Be sure to note while every combination can be used for haylage, mixtures with ryegrasses or festulolium will be harder to rye. These grasses are combined to fit a certain purpose or to thrive under certain conditions. Call your local Byron Seed dealer to better understand the fit for each blend.

Grasses & Alfalfa Mixes


Cool season grasses can be planted as early as oats. These grasses can be used in conjunction with other grasses and or legumes in both pasture applications or in conventional harvesting applications. Typically, these grasses have a higher digestibility or energy value than legumes by themselves. Also, if planted with a legume, greater tonnage can be realized than a legume planted by itself.


Avoiding over-grazing or clipping lower than 3 inches helps stand vigor and regrowth; 6 to 8 inches are needed for over-wintering. It also encourages more root development. Proper fertility is needed to insure stand establishment, expected forage tonnage and quality. Approximate nitrogen needs are 40 lbs for establishment and an additional 50 to 80 lbs for the total annual requirement. Cool season annuals and perennials work well together since the annuals come on faster and the perennials, once established, have longevity and tonnage. If grass is to be used in a crop rotation where conventional chemicals are used, be aware of the potential chemical residue as the grass could be killed or suppressed.


Start with a soil test to determine the fertilizer and lime requirements. Planting at a depth of 1/4" to 3/8" (or a depth that is not more than 5 times the diameter of the seed). A smooth, firm seed bed is required to have optimal seed-to-soil contact for maximum germination. Broadcast seeding requires extensive field preparation along with an additional 25% more seed. For best coverage, use a split application at right angles to each other or crisscross the field. Most grasses will tolerate a soil pH range between 5.5 to 7.5.

Companion grass mixes for alfalfa:

  • Premium hay Blend
  • AlfaPlus
  • Premium Hay Blend Plus

KF Haylage Plus

  • Designed for haylage or baleage harvest, or as a base for a custom pasture blend
  • Excellent NDFD with high sugars
  • Excellent as a straight planting or mix with alfalfa
  • High yielding in various soil types and management systems

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

KF Premium Hay Blend

  • Contains at least two Premium Tall Fescues
  • Highest yielding of all grasses
  • Great for both haylage and hay, easy to dry
  • Not recommended for grazing
  • One of the highest in NDFD

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

KF Hay Grazing

  • A complete mix that can be either grazed or baled
  • Suited for two spring cuts and fall grazing combinations

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

KF Lowland Hay Mix

  • Great quality
  • High sugar
  • Great for wetter soils
  • Easy drydown
  • All branch root alfalfas

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

KF Premium Hay Blend Plus

  • Includes Premium Hay Blend plus Perun festulolium as a nurse crop
  • No need for oats as a nurse crop
  • More yield in seedling year and subsequent years
  • Very high quality grasses

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

KF Alfa-Plus

  • A mixture of the best Tall Fescues, Orchardgrasses and Meadow Fescues
  • Great for hay and haylage
  • Better for grazing than KingFisher Premium Hay Blend; grazing to 4-6 inches will protect both the orchardgrass and tall fescue
  • Easy to dry

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

KF Highland Hay Mix

  • Very good ratio of grass to alfalfa
  • Easy drying
  • Increased NDFD
  • Very good for dry soils

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

KF Performance Max

  • A complete mix of two high quality alfalfas and tall fescue
  • Ultimate tonnage for alfalfa and grass mixtures
  • Available in organic

Zones: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

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