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TRITICALES AND SMALL GRAINS

Fall Triticales

DESCRIPTION

The Trical® forage triticale breeding program has been developed over the last 30 years with its focus on forage quality. The varieties that Byron has selected are the best in the industry with a research and breeding program to back them. These varieties were developed with the highest fiber digestibility possible while still maintaining maximum yield. These are varieties that you can feed to remain competitive in the dairy/beef industry. The 815/336 varieties are to be fall planted and require vernalization to reach maximum yield. Late summer plantings (August in the Upper Midwest) can yield a smaller fall crop and then its expected large yield in the next spring. Trical® compares very favorably with cereal rye as the Trical® will have a much larger root system (to add organic matter) and a lot denser stand (increased yield at the same maturity, plus a much larger harvest window). Cereal rye can be planted a little later than Trical® (same planting times as winter wheart).

Trical® Plus Fall is 75% Trical®815/336 and 25% winter-hardy annual ryegrass. This crop pairs two of the highest quality (energy and sugar) grasses.


Trical® 815/336

  • Very leafy and highly digestible
  • Winter hardy
  • More tonnage
  • Better quality than wheat or rye
  • Drys out spring soil

Zones: 1,2,3,4,5,6

MANAGEMENT

Triical® 815/366 and Trical® Plus Fall can be harvested as both haylage and pasture. They have been bred to have a wider harvest window than other small grains. The optimum harvest time is at the flag leaf stage (pre-boot) for dairy quality haylage. At this stage and with adequate fertility, expected DM production is around two tons dry matter(DM). At this stage expected Milk/Ton ratings are in the same levels as corn silage! Yield can double as the crop moves on to heifer quality. When cutting, use the wide-swath method for rapid dry down and to allow for higher sugar and DM retention.

ESTABLISHMENT

Seeding rates for Trical® 336 and 815 are 100 to 125#'s per acre. Trical® Plus Fall are seeded at 70 to 100#'s per acre. Seed should be placed 1/2 to 3/4" deep for earlier plantings. A deeper seed placement (1 1/2") is required as the planting season reaches mid-September. For Triticale Plus, a seed depth of 1/2" is mandated by the smaller Ryegrass seed. Fertility needs are only about 30 units of N in the Fall. Top dress an additional 100-150 units early in the Spring for top yield and protein levels.



A Tri-Cal® Triticale & Ryegrass Mixture

A winter annual mixture that combines the strengths of Tri-Cal® 815 or 336 triticale, and Italian Ryegrass. The triticale adds agronomic stability for those growers not experienced with growing ryegrasses and more bulk for easier silo filling and unloading. The ryegrass in the mixture adds higher fiber digestibility and sugar content. Our 2006 trial data resulted in higher NDF digestibility (71.5% for Triticale Plus vs. 66.5% for straight Tri-Cal over 24 hours). Sugar was 16.0 vs 14.4. This productive mixture can be used as a double crop following BMR Sorghum sudan or corn silage. Also excellent to seed into thinning alfalfa to get one or two spring cuttings.

Dry Hay – Poor
Seeding Rate – 70-100 lb./A
Soil Adaptation – Good drought, very good wet
Haylage/Balage – Excellent
Grazing – Very good management intensive; fair continuous during Fall & Spring
Sowing – Do not drill deeper than 1"
Planting Date – Optimum is no later than 4 weeks before first killing frost

Triticale Plus

  • Easier to cut with cutter bar than ryegrass alone
  • Much easier to blow into upright silo, due to more stems
  • Due to its fast growth, can be sown later in the fall
  • More winter-hardy

Zones: 1,2,3,4,5,6


Italian Ryegrass

  • Maintains very high quality, digestibility, energy, etc.
  • Much better regrowth later in the Spring
  • More cuttings and increased tonnage

Zones: 1,2,3,4,5,6



* Always read mix tag and retain for your records as actual percentages may change or vary with lot. Variety substitutions may occur due to variety availability.